SASSO chicken Production Objective: Keep it Simple Achieve Good results even with Limited resources for Rurals & Small farmers
Sasso This new breed was developed in france and has gained popularity in Tanzania and Kenya, best sasso chicks in Kenya are available through Silver-lands Poultry Tz agents available in most parts of the country.
* Sasso weight gain Live weight 2200 – 2400 g in 84 days The growth broilers selected by the SASSO are for outdoor raising of Label Rouge, farmer, pre-started or organic chicken types.
* Issued from the cross breeding of a Sasso rooster and a recessive Sasso hen, they meet the requirements of traditional markets dedicated to providing top quality meat while respecting our environment and animal welfare
* Sasso genetic potential allows optimal expression of market weight after about 84 days of breeding.* Sasso resemble our own native chickens,the Sasso chicken grow faster, with delicious and tender meat and strong disease resistance.
* Sasso chicken can be raised as broiler and are good layers too when they reach six months of age. Sasso hens lay naturally brown, tasty, nutritious and with less cholesterol eggs.
The major target in SASSO breeding Program is high production of hatching eggs from the parent breeder ( HE >220) and a slow growing, robust, easy to manage, multi-coloured sasso chicken which can be grown under different rearing systems – from indoor and intensive to Free Range and village family based production. Feed is less dense, less expensive, lower in energy and protein, and allows the use of higher levels of cheaper and unconventional farm by- products.
SASSO chicken meat is more firm and has that rich chicken flavor, juicy and tasty like the meat of traditional Indian country chicken and it commands higher market price. SASSO delivers better profit to the farmers and great taste to the consumers.
COLORED BIRDS ADVANTAGE – Trusted origin and Assured Performance
SASSO – the finest quality premium colored broiler breeders and broilers from France, SASSO chicken are exclusively bred from original Parent breeding stocks imported from France.
SASSO chicken have several positive attributes that are ideal for Kenyan Conditions.
SASSO is an internationally popular breed originating from France. SASSO offers proven, hardy, easy to manage and versatile bird to Kenyan farmers. Farmers can keep them in different production systems – from intensive production as well as down to earth simple sheds on deep litter with basic equipment, in backyard, in orchards, in coconut and rubber plantations, in forests areas, in the hills and even in the dry lands and in hot deserts!
The Farmer is the KEY and plays a major role in the success of rearing
Dear Farmers, when you plan to raise chicks, it is very important to realize that the chick is totally dependent upon you to meet its needs. chicks need proper care, temperature, comfortable environment, feed, water and protection for their survival.
The brief guidelines provided here in this farmer’s guide are vital to the expression of genetic potential of SASSO chicken to achieve good results. Follow these basic guidelines, keep it simple, and achieve good results even with limited resources.
SASSO REARING TECHNIQUES
Before the chicks arrive
Delivery and receiving chicks
Brooding chicks to give them a great start
Minimum Bio security Program
One age group – All in All out practice of operation is most preferred – at least during brooding period. Restrict visitors, keep a basin of disinfectant solution for foot dip and hand wash at the entrance. Do not allow wild birds and animals like cats and dogs on your farm. Ensure strict bio security in case of disease outbreak and high mortality of poultry in surrounding areas.
Before the sasso chicks arrive
Arrange the required facilities/materials required for the broiler farm. Pre brooding management consists of Cleaning and disinfection of the house prior to the arrival of new batch of chicks. It consists of removal of old litter, cleaning of the shed- inside and outside, washing, disinfection, white washing and rest for a week.
principle: “Clean the house and prepare it as if it is a new house for the new
First few hours after arrival at the farm are most crucial period for the chick. Pre warming the house at least 12 hours before arrival of sasso chicks provides comfortable conditions to the chicks as they arrive at the farm. They start drinking and feeding soon.
Brooding with artificial heat is provided during first 2 to 3 weeks as chicks need external heat to maintain their body temperature. Sasso Chicks suffer from stress when house temperature is too cold or too hot. Chicks which are subjected to cold always have poor development of digestive organs and immunity due to which all the other disease problems originate one by one.
Please remember – A Good Start is 50% of
the success story.
Quick unloading of chicks and releasing them under
Comfortable house – litter, temperature, light,
ventilation, water supply and quick feeding.
Achieving these objectives depends
on the facilities, equipments and the Farmer. The farmer himself has a very important role to play during
this most crucial phase in the life of the bird.
Reaching these objectives is important
to give a great start:
early growth- most of the early growth is in skeleton and internal organs
feather growth, uniformity, liveability
immunity and stress resistance
Improper brooding may result into poor liveability, uneven size,
higher cost of production, poor FCR and overall poor flock performance.
Temperature and Space : Floor space,
Feeder space, Water Space requirement
Temp F at the brooder edge
Feeder space inches/bird
Water space inches/bird
3 / 4
Heat Source – One heater (electric/gas/coal) for 500 –
600 chicks, hung at suitable height.
spread the litter on the floor of entire brooding room. Keep the litter in good
dry condition, removing wet litter whenever noticed.
Brooder guardwith papers on floor: provide circular brooder guard 8ft diameter
for 600 chicks. Corrugated paper or tin
sheets 1 foot width may be used for this purpose.
Put 2- 3 layers of papers on the
floor. Remove one layer of paper every day.
boiled and cooled water on day 1 and
2. Add Electrolytes 1g/lit water and Sugar 50
g/lit water to provide instant energy.
Feed: Once the chicks have taken water, provide a
well balanced easily digestible and fresh Starter
feed on the flat chick feeder trays or plates for first 3 days and later in
linear or tubular feeders. For the first two days, provide maize powder
5g/chick along with feed. This reduces Pasty vent problem.
Crop Fill Test:
This is a simple test about well being of chicks. Take sample few chicks 3
hours after arrival. 98% of the chicks must have full soft crop and warm
shanks, if not, something is wrong – observe the chicks and recheck
temperature, feed and water supply. Take corrective action immediately to prevent
‘Starve out’ chicks which will not grow well causing uneven flock.
Do not make the house air tight. Provide 1ft opening on top of the curtains on
both sides. Cross Ventilation provides fresh air and regulates house
temperature. It takes away unwanted CO2, ammonia, moisture, dust and odour.
Chicks are more active and grow better under bright light. Provide one 60 watt
bulb for 200 sft area. After 2 weeks, it can be replaced by 40 watt bulb.
lighting program is a ‘Step down’ program.
Age in days
1 to 2
3 to 7
8 – 14
Natural day light
Chicks that are evenly distributed in the brooding
ring indicate good brooding conditions.
Ample feed and drinking water are available.
Comfort Zone for chicks: Your own
observations are worth a thousand words. Comfortable chicks are spread evenly
through the brooding areas. Cold chicks will huddle under the heat source.
Chicks which are too warm will be seen as far from the heat that is possible.
Chicks in a drafty brooding area will huddle away from the source of the draft. Take Necessary
corrective action based on these observations.
proper balance between temperature, light and ventilation will provide proper
environment for the chicks for sufficient water and feed intake and give them a
Work to be done
first few hours:
Observe the chicks – their behaviour and
distribution. Chicks should be active as well as resting. They should consume
water and feed and interact with each other. They should be well spread inside
the brooder guard area.
feed and refill drinkers with fresh water.
Work to be done
first few days:
the shed 5 to 6 times a day
that the birds are comfortable
dead, sick and weak chicks
and rake the litter by gently walking through the chicks.
the drinkers and refill with fresh water twice a day
the feeders and refill with fresh feed twice a day Check the house temperature,
ventilation and light.
SUMMARY: SASSO BROODING PERIOD
Before chicks arrive, inspect the house closely
for cleanliness, proper set up of equipment, litter material, heaters, feeders,
drinkers, feed, water, medicines etc.
Release the chicks quickly under brooder.
Observe the chicks frequently, make adjustments as required.
start is crucial for the final results. If there is a poor start, it may cause poor
growth performance in the end result as there is little time for compensatory
Clean and refill drinker daily.
Add a vitamin/mineral supplement to the water of
young chicks for the first week to help them get off to a better start.
Protect the flock from the attack of predators
Watch your flock daily for signs of unusual
behavior. Failure to eat, drink or react
normally are indications of a problem. A quick diagnosis and treatment can save
your flock from unnecessary mortality.
mortality does occur, get a diagnosis from a diagnostic lab as soon as
possible. Give medicines and treatments only after you know the diagnosis.
MANAGING SASSO GROWTH
onwards, start giving more floor space, more feeders and drinkers. If you have
enclosed and safe place where chicks can be released during day time, you can
allow birds the access to free range after 3 weeks age. However, it is
necessary to provide about 80% of the feed inside the house in the morning and
evening. Birds can find remaining feed from the free range.
Do not force the birds to grow fast by using high density
broiler finisher feeds. Grow the birds to 9 to 10 weeks to develop good taste,
texture and flavour.
Provide feed, water, protection and health care.
Check the live weight of 5% chicks at weekly interval to see that the growth is
up to the standards (Table 1). Follow the correct Vaccination and medication
SASSO CHICKEN VACCINATION PROGRAM
Please note that this vaccination program is a “standard”
recommendation you MUST ask to your vet a vaccination program according to your
Keep record of feed intake to find out Feed
Conversion Ratio (FCR), mortality, medication and vaccination. Every batch of
birds gives us some useful information. Records of chicks received, feed
consumption, mortality, medication, live weight sold, and income from sale
should be kept. This will help in calculation of Cost of production for each
batch and find out ways to reduce it and improve profitability in coming
SASSO FEEDING PROGRAMME
Consult your nutritionist for feed formulation according to nutrient requirements. Locally available raw materials from vegetable source could be used. Use of oil, meat, fish and other expensive materials may be avoided. A sample feed formula is provided here for your reference. Premixes containing Amino acids, vitamins, trace minerals available locally could be used to simplify the feed formulation. Use reputed coccidiostats, enzymes (with phytase), probiotics, chelated trace minerals and toxin binders at recommended dosage level. Use Probiotics, avoid Antibiotics. Prevent mould growth on raw material and feed. During summer months use Soda Bi-carb 1kg/ton and Vit C 50 g/ ton to reduce summer stress. Store feed properly to avoid rat menace. Offer fresh feed 2 to 3 times daily in small quantities. Get the feed analysed from local laboratory occasionally.
After 3 weeks age, birds can be let out
in the free range where they find some feed. During this period 80% of the
total feed requirement should be offered in the morning and evening hours
inside the house and birds can find remaining 20% feed in the free range. Water
should be provided in the shady area in the free range. Free range encourages
good muscle development and firmness of the meat. Birds may be allowed to grow
slow up to 9 to 10 weeks to get desired firmness, texture, taste and flavour in
the meat. Birds may be sold according to the particular live weight requirement
of the customer, preferably about 1.5 kg to get good fleshing and processing