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Uses of basic poultry drugs available in the market.

Uses of basic poultry drugs available in the market.

December 20, 2019


ANTIBIOTICS

An antibiotic is a drug that kills or slows the growth of bacteria. (Drugs that kill bacteria are referred to as bacteriocidal; those that slow the growth of bacteria are referred to as bacteriostatic.) Antibiotics are chemicals produced by microorganisms such as bacteria and fungi.

There are many different kinds of antibiotics, and they destroy bacteria in different ways. The antibiotics within a class generally have similar effectiveness and mechanisms of action and resistance and they tend to attack the same types of bacteria. Some antibiotics, referred to as broad-spectrum antibiotics, treat a wide range of infections. Others, called narrow-spectrum antibiotics, are effective against only a few types of bacteria. Although antibiotics are sometimes used in conventional animal feeds, some of the antibiotics discussed below can be used only under the supervision of a veterinarian.

Major classes of antibiotics include the following:

Aminoglycosides (e.g., gentamycin, neomycin, spectinomycin, and streptomycin)

Bambermycins (e.g., bambermycin, flavophospholipol)

Beta-Lactams

Penicillins (e.g., penicillin and amoxicillin)

Cephalosporins (e.g., cefotaxime)Glycopeptides (e.g., vancomycin—not approved for animal use)

Ionophores (e.g.,  monensin)

Lincosamides (e.g., lincomycin)

Macrolides (e.g., erythromycin, tylosin)

Polypeptides (e.g., bacitracin)

Quinolones (e.g., fluoroquinolones)

Streptogramins (e.g., virginiamycin)

Sulfonamides (e.g., sulfa drugs)

Tetracyclines (e.g., chlortetracycline and oxytetracycline)


COCCIDIOSTATS

Coccidiosis is a common parasitic disease of poultry. It is the result of an infestation of coccidia in the intestines. A number of different drugs, called coccidiostats, are available for use in conventional diets to control coccidiosis in poultry.

Coccidiostats that can be used in conventional poultry production include the following:

Amprolium (e.g., Amprol, Corid)

Bambermycin (e.g., Flavomycin, GAINPRO)

Decoquinate (e.g., Deccox)Diclazuril (e.g., Clinacox)

Halofuginone hydrobromide (e.g., Stenorol)

Lasalocid (e.g., Avatec)

Monensin (e.g., Coban)Narasin (e.g., Monteban)

Nicarbazin (e.g., Nicarb 25%)

Salinomycin (e.g., Bio-Cox, Sacox)

Semduramicin (e.g., Aviax)

Sulfadimethoxine and ormetoprim 5:3 (e.g., Rofenaid)


MEDICATION FOR CONTROLLING INTESTINAL WORMS

There are several types of parasitic worm that can infect poultry, including roundworm, tapeworm, cecal worms, and capillary worms. There are only a few products that can be added to conventional poultry feed to control internal parasites. No products are approved for use with egg-laying hens.

Acceptable products for worm control include the following:

Fenbendazole—for turkeys only (e.g., Safe-Guard)

Hygromycin B—for chickens only (e.g., Hygromix-8)


Common drugs in the kenyan market

Fosbac plus T

A World class broad spectrum antibiotic with Tylosin for Mycoplasma control for optimising economic performance through strategic application programs such as the First week of life program
This product is recommended for broilers, layers and ostriches. Fosbac Plus-T is used for bacterial disease prevention and treatment.

It is a broad spectrum antibiotic. The energizing antibiotic compound stimulates the appetite, controls bacteria and helps with recuperation during a bacterial challenge.

Used for treatment against E-coli and other secondary bacterial infections. E-coli is a stress-related infection and its cause is usually directly linked to poor ventilation.

If chicks do not get enough ventilation from day 1, they will be susceptible to E-coli infection.


Aliseryl

Aliseryl WS is a highly effective combination of broad-spectrum antibiotics and vitamins. The product  stimulates egg production, increases growth, improves feed conversion and is used as vitamin supplement during periods of diseases and stress. It is effective against gastrointestinal, respiratory and urinary infections 

Aliseryl WS is a highly effective combination of broad-spectrum antibiotics and vitamins.
Colistin is an antibiotic from the group of polymyxins with a bactericidal action against Gram-negative bacteria like E. coli, Haemophilus and Salmonella. Since colistin is absorbed for a very small part after oral administration only gastrointestinal indications are relevant. Oxytetracycline belongs to the group of tetracyclines and acts bacteriostatic against many Gram-positive and Gram-negative bacteria 


Biosol

Is indicated for the treatment of infection caused by bacteria and coccidia in poultry. These include infectious, coryza ,solmonella infection,E.coli infections,chronic respiratory diseases (CRD) and caecal coccidiosis and the control of secondary bacterial infections due to viral diseases in poultry.


Vetoxy 20

Is a broad spectrum antibiotics used in the treatment and prophylaxis of respiratory and gastrointestinal infections caused by bacteria in poultry.


Oxysol plus

Is indicated for treatment and control of wide range of bacterial infections including the treatment of coliform septicaemia, fowl cholera ,fowl typhoid and control of secondary infections due to chronic respiratory diseases (CRD) and viral infections in Chick’s and all poultry.


Chick formula

Chick formula.its specially formulated blend of antibiotic and vitamins essential for use in growing chicks.it maintains appetite during stress periods like vaccination,temperatures changes or changes in feeds. Dosage for a 100 starting chicks use one 5ML spoonful per 5litre of fresh drinking water or 2.5kg of feed daily,for the first two weeks of life

Oxysol plus chick formula is indicated for the treatment and control of wide range of bacterial infections including the treatment of coliform septicaemia, fowl cholera, fowl typhoid and the control of secondary infections.


Vitapoultry

This is a multivitamin essential for chicks, it helps in mentaining appetite during stress periods e.g after vaccination, changes in temperature or change in feeds.


Vetceryl

Is highly effective combination of broad spectrum antibiotics and vitamins, VETCERYL combats infection while also stimulate eggs production, increase growth and improve feed conversion .it can be used as vitamins supplement during period of disease and stress.


Tylodoxy 200

Is an antibiotics formulation containing tylosin and Doxycline for the treatment of respiratory and gastrointestinal infections in poultry caused by micro organism sensitive to tylosin and Doxycline.


Nilcox

Is use to treat coccidiosis in all poultry spicies at all age including laying birds it contains sulfadimidine and Diaveridine which act synergistically and highly effective against coccidic .the combination does not interfere early the parasites life cycle and thus strong immunity to coccidiosis.


Amprolium

Is a white fine powder containing Amprolium HCL, a water soluble formulation for use in drugs against coccidiosis in chicks and mature chicken. Other coccidiosis treating brands include Amprosul, Amprol Agracox


Ascaret

Used for deworming

Piperazine

Is an anthelmintic water soluble powder for treatment and prevention for infestation of round worms in poultry.



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Recent comments

Pls can u advice more about feed formula for Rainbow Rooster for meat .Period of 4months from day old.

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